Optimum Utilization of Biochemical Components in Chlorella sp KR1 via Subcritical Hydrothermal Liquefaction

Cited 6 time in webofscience Cited 0 time in scopus
  • Hit : 332
  • Download : 0
Product distributions in bio-crude, aqueous phase, and solid residue were rigorously analyzed during the hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) of Chlorella sp. KR1 in order to optimize utilization of energy and chemicals. A non-asphaltene (paraffinic) fraction in the bio-crude, which can be readily upgraded to high-quality fuels via a subsequent catalytic process, was mainly produced due to lipid extraction. Above 170 °C, lipid extraction was almost complete, and hence, the non-asphaltene content did not increase further with increasing temperature. Carbohydrates could be extracted, mainly as polysaccharides, in the aqueous phase at mild temperatures (<200 °C). At high temperatures (>200 °C), they decompose and react with proteins via the Maillard reaction to form asphaltene (polycyclic aromatics), which contains large amounts of heteroatoms such as N and S. Although high-temperature carbohydrate conversion could yield more bio-crude with high energy values, it dominantly contributed to formation of the asphaltene fraction, which is difficult to upgrade catalytically. As high-temperature HTL requires a large energy input, the recovery and utilization of intact carbohydrates and proteins at mild temperatures (<200 °C) appears to be more promising. Energy Return on Investment (EROI) analysis also showed that 170 °C is the optimum HTL temperature for maximizing the energy production.
Publisher
ACS Publication
Issue Date
2017-08
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

BIO-CRUDE OIL; BIODIESEL PRODUCTION; MAILLARD REACTION; THERMOCHEMICAL LIQUEFACTION; ORGANIC-SOLVENTS; HIGH-TEMPERATURE; ALGAL BIOMASS; LIPID-CONTENT; FLOW REACTOR; MICROALGAE

Citation

ACS SUSTAINABLE CHEMISTRY &amp; ENGINEERING, v.5, no.8, pp.7240 - 7248

ISSN
2168-0485
DOI
10.1021/acssuschemeng.7b01473
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/226019
Appears in Collection
CBE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
Files in This Item
There are no files associated with this item.
This item is cited by other documents in WoS
⊙ Detail Information in WoSⓡ Click to see webofscience_button
⊙ Cited 6 items in WoS Click to see citing articles in records_button

qr_code

  • mendeley

    citeulike


rss_1.0 rss_2.0 atom_1.0