Stable single-unit-cell nanosheets of zeolite MFI as active and long-lived catalysts

Zeolites-microporous crystalline aluminosilicates-are widely used in petrochemistry and fine-chemical synthesis(1-3) because strong acid sites within their uniform micropores enable size- and shape-selective catalysis. But the very presence of the micropores, with aperture diameters below 1 nm, often goes hand-in-hand with diffusion limitations(3-5) that adversely affect catalytic activity. The problem can be overcome by reducing the thickness of the zeolite crystals, which reduces diffusion path lengths and thus improves molecular diffusion(4,5). This has been realized by synthesizing zeolite nanocrystals(6), by exfoliating layered zeolites(7-9), and by introducing mesopores in the microporous material through templating strategies(10-17) or demetallation processes(18-22). But except for the exfoliation, none of these strategies has produced 'ultrathin' zeolites with thicknesses below 5 nm. Here we show that appropriately designed bifunctional surfactants can direct the formation of zeolite structures on themesoporous and microporous length scales simultaneously and thus yield MFI (ZSM-5, one of the most important catalysts in the petrochemical industry) zeolite nanosheets that are only 2 nm thick, which corresponds to the b-axis dimension of a single MFI unit cell. The large number of acid sites on the external surface of these zeolites renders them highly active for the catalytic conversion of large organic molecules, and the reduced crystal thickness facilitates diffusion and thereby dramatically suppresses catalyst deactivation through coke deposition during methanol-to-gasoline conversion. We expect that our synthesis approach could be applied to other zeolites to improve their performance in a range of important catalytic applications.
Publisher
NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP
Issue Date
2009-09
Language
ENG
Keywords

MESOPOROUS MOLECULAR-SIEVES; CONTROLLED DESILICATION; COKE FORMATION; ZSM-5; CRYSTALS; GENERATION; MECHANISM

Citation

NATURE, v.461, no.7261, pp.246 - 120

ISSN
0028-0836
DOI
10.1038/nature08288
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/12461
Appears in Collection
CBE-Journal Papers(저널논문)CH-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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