Highly Efficient Organic THz Generator Pumped at Near-Infrared: Quinolinium Single Crystals

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A novel highly efficient ionic electro-optic quinolinium single crystals for THz wave applications is reported. Acentric quinolinium derivatives, HMQ-T (2-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxystyryl)-1-methylquinolinium 4-methylbenzenesulfonate) and HMQ-MBS (2-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxystyryl)-1-methylquinolinium 4-methoxybenzenesulfonate) exhibit high order parameters cos3?p = 0.92 and cos3?p = 1.0, respectively, as well as a large macroscopic optical nonlinearity, which is in the range of the benchmark stilbazolium DAST (N,N-dimethylamino-N-methylstilbazolium 4-methylbenzenesulfonate) and phenolic polyene OH1 (2-(3-(4-hydroxystyryl)-5,5-dimethylcyclohex-2-enylidene)malononitrile) crystals. As-grown unpolished bulk HMQ-T crystals with a side length of about 6 mm and thickness of 0.56 mm exhibit 3.1 times higher THz generation efficiency than 0.37 mm thick OH1 crystals and about 8.4 times higher than 1 mm thick inorganic standard ZnTe crystals at the near-infrared fundamental wavelength of 836 nm. Therefore, HMQ crystals with high order parameter obviously have a very high potential for high power THz-wave generation and its applications.
Publisher
WILEY-BLACKWELL
Issue Date
2012-01
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

TERAHERTZ-WAVE GENERATION; CONFIGURATIONALLY LOCKED POLYENE; 2ND-ORDER OPTICAL NONLINEARITIES; SECURITY APPLICATIONS; P-TOLUENESULFONATE; DAST; RECTIFICATION; SPECTROSCOPY; PULSES; SALTS

Citation

ADVANCED FUNCTIONAL MATERIALS, v.22, no.1, pp.200 - 209

ISSN
1616-301X
DOI
10.1002/adfm.201101458
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/98095
Appears in Collection
PH-Journal Papers(저널논문)CH-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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