High-density immobilization of a ginsenoside-transforming beta-glucosidase for enhanced food-grade production of minor ginsenosides

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Use of recombinant glycosidases is a promising approach for the production of minor ginsenosides, e.g., Compound K (CK) and F-1, which have potential applications in the food industry. However, application of these recombinant enzymes for food-grade preparation of minor ginsenosides are limited by the lack of suitable expression hosts and low productivity. In this study, Corynebacterium glutamicum ATCC13032, a GRAS strain that has been used extensively for the industrial-grade production of additives for foodstuffs, was employed to express a novel beta-glucosidase (MT619) from Microbacterium testaceum ATCC 15829 with high ginsenoside-transforming activity. A cellulose-binding module was additionally fused to the N-terminus of MT619 for immobilization on cellulose, which is an abundant and safe material. Via one-step immobilization, the fusion protein in cell lysates was efficiently immobilized on regenerated amorphous cellulose at a high density (maximum 984 mg/g cellulose), increasing the enzyme concentration by 286-fold. The concentrated and immobilized enzyme showed strong conversion activities against protopanaxadiol- and protopanaxatriol-type ginsenosides for the production of CK and F-1. Using gram-scale ginseng extracts as substrates, the immobilized enzyme produced 7.59 g/L CK and 9.42 g/L F-1 in 24 h. To the best of our knowledge, these are the highest reported product concentrations of CK and F-1, and this is the first time that a recombinant enzyme has been immobilized on cellulose for the preparation of minor ginsenosides. This safe, convenient, and efficient production method could also be effectively exploited in the preparation of food-processing recombinant enzymes in the pharmaceutical, functional food, and cosmetics industries.
Publisher
SPRINGER
Issue Date
2019-09
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

APPLIED MICROBIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY, v.103, no.17, pp.7003 - 7015

ISSN
0175-7598
DOI
10.1007/s00253-019-09951-4
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/266605
Appears in Collection
BS-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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