Optical diffraction tomography (ODT) is a three-dimensional (3D) quantitative phase imaging technique, which enables the reconstruction of the 3D refractive index (RI) distribution of a transparent sample. Due to its fast, non-invasive, and quantitative imaging capability, ODT has emerged as a powerful tool for various applications. However, the spatial resolution of ODT has only been quantified along the lateral and axial directions for limited conditions; it has not been investigated for arbitrary-oblique directions. In this paper, we systematically quantify the 3D spatial resolution of ODT by exploiting the spatial bandwidth of the reconstructed scattering potential. The 3D spatial resolution is calculated for various types of systems, including the illumination-scanning, sample-rotation, and hybrid scanning-rotation methods. In particular, using the calculated 3D spatial resolution, we provide the spatial resolution as well as the arbitrary sliced angle. Furthermore, to validate the present method, the point spread function of an ODT system is experimentally obtained using the deconvolution of a 3D RI distribution of a microsphere and is compared with the calculated resolution. (C) 2018 Optical Society of America.