Observation of resonant and non-resonant magnetic braking in the n=1 non-axisymmetric configurations on KSTAR

Toroidal rotation braking by neoclassical toroidal viscosity driven by non-axisymmetric (3D) magnetic fields, called magnetic braking, has great potential to control rotation profile, and thereby modify tokamak stability and performance. In order to characterize magnetic braking in the various 3D field configurations, dedicated experiments have been carried out in KSTAR, applying a variety of static n = 1, 3D fields of different phasing of -90, 0, and + 90. Resonant-type magnetic braking was achieved by -90 phasing fields, accompanied by strong density pump-out and confinement degradation, and explained by excitation of kink response captured by ideal plasma response calculation. Strong resonant plasma response was also observed under + 90 phasing at q95 similar to 6, leading to severe confinement degradation and eventual disruption by locked modes. Such a strong resonant transport was substantially modified to non-resonant-type transport at higher q95 similar to 7.2, as the resonant particle transport was significantly reduced and the rotation braking was pushed to plasma edge. This is well explained by ideal perturbed equilibrium calculations indicating the strong kink coupling at lower q95 is reduced at higher q95 discharge. The 0 phasing fields achieved quiescent magnetic braking without density pump-out and confinement degradation, which is consistent with vacuum and ideal plasma response analysis predicting deeply penetrating 3D fields without an excitation of strong kink response.
Publisher
IOP PUBLISHING LTD
Issue Date
2017-12
Language
English
Citation

NUCLEAR FUSION, v.57, no.12, pp.126035

ISSN
0029-5515
DOI
10.1088/1741-4326/aa8382
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/226689
Appears in Collection
PH-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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