SrTiO3:Pr, Al phosphor particles with high luminescence intensities were directly prepared by flame spray pyrolysis without post-treatment. They had better crystallinity than those prepared by general spray pyrolysis with post-treatment and solid-state reaction methods. In addition, they had complete spherical shape and narrow size distribution. On the other hand, the particles prepared by general spray pyrolysis had irregular shape, and poorer brightness than those pre-pared by solid-state reaction method, while the particles prepared by flame spray pyrolysis had comparable photoluminescence and cathodoluminescence intensities with those of particles prepared by solid-state reaction method. The photoluminescence intensity of SrTiO3:Pr, Al particles prepared by flame spray pyrolysis was as much as 4.7 times higher than that of particles prepared by general spray pyrolysis. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.