Selection of Optimal Operating Conditions for a Continuous CO2-Capture Process Using an Aqueous Ammonia Solution

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The optimal conditions of the absorbent concentration, rich CO2 loading, and regeneration temperature in a continuous CO2-capture process using a 3-27 wt % aqueous NH3 solution were experimentally studied and compared to vapor-liquid equilibrium of a CO2-NH3-H2O system. The dependence of CO, removal efficiency upon the NH3 concentration and regeneration temperature was well-explained by the regeneration critical condition, which was defined using mole fractions of CO2, NH3, and H2O in the vapor phase at equilibrium. The optimal conditions were 12 wt % NH3 concentration, 0.36 rich CO2 loading, and a 90 degrees C regeneration temperature. Use of the vapor-liquid equilibrium data of the CO2-NH3-H2O system at regeneration conditions can be employed as a method to select the optimal operating conditions of a regeneration system and can provide guidelines for the design and operation of CO2-capture process using aqueous NH3 solution.
Publisher
AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Issue Date
2010-06
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

CO2 GREENHOUSE-GAS; CARBON-DIOXIDE; ABSORPTION; CAPTURE; KINETICS; ENERGY; 2-AMINO-2-METHYL-1-PROPANOL; MONOETHANOLAMINE; SEQUESTRATION; EQUILIBRIA

Citation

ENERGY & FUELS, v.24, pp.3704 - 3709

ISSN
0887-0624
DOI
10.1021/ef100292t
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/94199
Appears in Collection
CBE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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