Pit formation and growth of alloy 600 in Cl- ion-containing thiosulphate solution at temperatures 298-573 K using fractal geometry

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Pit formation and growth of alloy 600 has been investigated in aqueous 0.1 M Na2S2O3 + 0.1 M NaCl solution at elevated solution temperatures 298-573 K and at pressures 0.1-8 MPa in terms of fractal geometry using potentiodynamic polarisation experiment, potentiostatic current transient technique, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), image analysis method and ac-impedance spectroscopy. From SEM observation, it was realised that pit morphology changed from cylindrical shape developed at 60 degreesC to highly branched shape formed at 150 degreesC. Furthermore, corrosion pits formed and further grew without any morphological change during the whole pitting process below 200 degreesC. On the other hand, above 200 degreesC, the morphology of the pits changed from highly branched shape in the early stage of the pitting process to widely grooved shape in the later stage. After SEM observation of the pits, the fractal dimension of pits was determined as a function of solution temperature 60-150 degreesC using perimeter area method. The value of the fractal dimension of the pits increased with increasing solution temperature. This is caused by the increase in the ratio of perimeter to area at higher solution temperature, indicating the formation of pits with highly branched shape. The appearance of specific shape and fractal dimension value of the pits at each solution temperature implies that the formation and growth of pits proceed with the typical fractal geometry throughout the whole pitting process irrespective of pit size. In addition, constant phase element (CPE) behaviour observed from the impedance spectra is discussed in terms of the fractal dimension of pits. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
Publisher
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Issue Date
2003-05
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

PITTING CORROSION; REPASSIVATION KINETICS; LOCALIZED CORROSION; AQUEOUS-SOLUTIONS; ALUMINUM-ALLOYS; CHLORIDE-ION; IMPEDANCE; ELECTRODES; BEHAVIOR; WATER

Citation

CORROSION SCIENCE, v.45, no.5, pp.995 - 1010

ISSN
0010-938X
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/79764
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