The effect of divalent metal ions on the zeta potential of bubbles

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Micro-bubbles are used in electro-flotation (EF) and dissolved air flotation (DAF) for particle separation. The efficiency of these flotation processes depends on the collision of bubble and particle and the collision efficiency is affected by certain parameters with respect to the size and zeta potential of bubble and particle. Therefore, it is necessary to monitor not only the zeta potential of the particle, but also that of the bubble. Gas bubbles are reported to be generally negatively charged in water. In this paper, we report a study performed to measure the zeta potential of bubbles in solutions containing divalent metals and find factors which can produce positively charged bubbles. Calcium and magnesium ions were selected as divalent metal ions because natural water normally contains an appreciable quantity of them. It was found that bubbles are negatively charged in CaCl2 solutions whereas, under certain conditions, they become positively charged in MgCl2. Charge reversal of bubbles was observed above 10(-2) M Mg, especially above pH 9. A probable principle that explained the charge reversal could be a combined mechanism with both specific adsorption of hydroxylated species and formation of hydroxide precipitates. Creating solution conditions that can produce positively charged bubbles in flotation methods might make it possible to remove particles using lesser amounts of coagulant or even none at all.
Publisher
I W A PUBLISHING
Issue Date
2004
Language
English
Article Type
Review
Keywords

CHARGE

Citation

WATER SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, v.50, no.8, pp.49 - 56

ISSN
0273-1223
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/78395
Appears in Collection
RIMS Journal Papers
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