Efficient multi-component polymer light-emitting diodes with controlled morphology = 제어된 모폴로지를 갖는 고효율 고분자 발광소자

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The π-conjugated polymers with semi-conducting properties have recently attracted much attention due to their applicability in the field of optic and optoelectronic devices such as light-emitting diodes (LEDs) and lasers. The LEDs based on conjugated polymer have attracted a lot of interest because of their potential application to flat, large area displays, which can be operated at low driving voltage. Recently, phosphorescent LEDs based on fluorescent polymers doped with phosphorescent dyes, where the singlet and triplet excitons of the molecules contribute to light generation, have been developed to improve the efficiency of LEDs. In this dissertation, several studies to improve the luminescent efficiency of the polymer electroluminescent (EL) devices and the polymer-based electrophosphorescent devices and tune the emitting colors have been accomplished. One approach to improve the luminescent efficiency of the EL devices is to control the morphology in the light-emitting layer. For the preparation of polymer phosphorescent light-emitting devices (PPLEDs), the commonly used concept is to blend a low molecular weight phosphorescent dye into a proper polymer matrix. A polymer host with a triplet state energy above that of the phosphorescent dye is required to guarantee the confinement of the triplet excited state on the quest. In chapter 2.1, we have successfully demonstrated that efficient electrophosphorescence is obtained via cascade energy transfer from poly(N-vinylcarbazole) (PVK) and new host fluorescent polymer to the phosphorescent iridium complex. Efficient energy transfers from PVK to fluorescent polymer and then from this host polymer to iridium complex, fac-tris[2-(2-pyridinyl-kN)(5-(2,5-dimethylphenyl)phenyl)-kC]-iridium(III) $(Ir(PDPP)_3)$, were observed in the PVK/fluorescent $polymer/Ir(PDPP)_3$ blend system, even though the chemical compatibility between this fluorescent polymer and $Ir(PDPP)_3$ is very poor. The phase separation between...
Advisors
Park, O-Okresearcher박오옥researcher
Description
한국과학기술원 : 생명화학공학과,
Publisher
한국과학기술원
Issue Date
2006
Identifier
254302/325007  / 020025087
Language
eng
Description

학위논문(박사) - 한국과학기술원 : 생명화학공학과, 2006.2, [ xiii, 185 p. ]

Keywords

polymer light-emitting diode; electrophosphorescence; Electroluminescence; morphology; 표면구조; 고분자 발광소자; 전계인광; 전기발광

URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/28981
Link
http://library.kaist.ac.kr/search/detail/view.do?bibCtrlNo=254302&flag=dissertation
Appears in Collection
CBE-Theses_Ph.D.(박사논문)
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