Electrorheological fluids : an Investigation of viscoelastic properties = 전기유변유체 : 점탄성 특성에 관한 연구an Investigation of viscoelastic properties

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When a sufficiently strong electric field is applied to certain fluid, they undergo marked changesin their rheological properties. Such fluids have come to known as electrorheological fluid. Materials used in this study are polyaniline in mineral oil and corn starch in corn oil. In this thesis, in order to understand the physics governing the ER effect and to develop a semi-conducting polymer based ER fluid, an experimental investigation was done for the steady shear behavior, dynamic properties were measured as functions of driving frequency, shear rate, and electric field strength. Polyaniline was synthesize using the method of bulk polymerization of aniline. The formation of particle strand columns under the electric field was observed. Formation of the chain structure is so faster that it is hard to be noticed when it is formed. However continuous rearrangement of the particles can be seen extended period of the particles can be seen extended period of time after the initial formation of the chain structure. As increase of the electric field strength to 2 kV/mm for corn starch ER fluid, particle strings has been highly bridge and the particle distribution was saturated to one electrode. For polyaniline suspension, as increase of the electric field to 2.0 kV/mm, there is no saturation effect as shown in corn starch suspension but nearest particle strings approached to next particle string and attached. Thus, the continuos(suspending medium) phase between the strings was broaden. The steady shear and viscoelastic behavior of polyaniline suspension in mineral oil subjected to electric field were experimentally using Couette cell type rheometer. The yield stress determined from the plateau stress at low shear rate was evaluated as a function of the applied field strength and particle volume fraction. The resultant yield stress is linearly increased with volume fraction and $E^\frac{3}{2}$, which may imply that there exist charge carriers in polyaniline particl...
Advisors
Park, O-Okresearcher박오옥researcher
Description
한국과학기술원 : 화학공학과,
Publisher
한국과학기술원
Issue Date
1995
Identifier
101911/325007 / 000895370
Language
eng
Description

학위논문(박사) - 한국과학기술원 : 화학공학과, 1995.8, [ xiii, 127 p. ]

Keywords

Viscoelastic Property; Polyaniline; ER Fluid; Electrorheology; Semi-Conducting Polymer Steady Shear Property; 정상 전단 특성; 반도성 고분자; 점탄성 특성; 폭리에닐린; 전기유변유체; 전기유변학

URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/28710
Link
http://library.kaist.ac.kr/search/detail/view.do?bibCtrlNo=101911&flag=dissertation
Appears in Collection
CBE-Theses_Ph.D.(박사논문)
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