(A) study on the pervaporation process for water/ethanol mixture through IPN membranes = IPN막을 사용한 물/에탄올 혼합용액의 투과증발공정에 관한 연구

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The pervaporation behavior of EtOH/water mixture through IPN membranes was predicted in this study. The pervaporation characteristics of single polymer membrane were modeled according to the "six-coefficients model" proposed by Brun [1]. In the case of the IPN membrane, two models were proposed according to the phase structure of the IPN[2]. For a uniphase membrane with no phase separation, the compositional average of the single polymer membrane was used. In the case of the phase separated IPNs, two cases existed. The first was the island and sea model : in which one phase was continuous and the other was dispersed. The second was the co-continuous model where two continuous phases existed. For these cases, the permeation rate and the separation factor of the IPN membrane were calculated using the experimental sorption data and the component polymer properties. Comparison with the experimental data indicated that these models could be used to predict the performances of IPN membranes depending on the morphology of the IPN. Poly(styrene-co-acrylonitrile)/anionic poly (acrylic acid) (SAN/(anionic PAA)) IPN and (porou SAN)/(anionic PAA) membraces were prepared using the sequential polymerization method, and the pervaporation characteristics of ethanol/water mixtures and morphology were studied. Anionic charge was introduced in the PAA network by treating with aqueous NaOH solution. Preferential pervaporation of water and high permeation rate were observed in these IPN membranes. The permeation rate showed a maximum at pure water and decreased continuously with increasing ethanol concentration in the feed. In the case of the SAN/(anionic PAA) IPN membranes, the separation factor showed a maximum at around 30wt\% ethanol in the feed. The permeation characteristics of the IPN membrane were dominated the anionic poly (acrylic acid) phase which was more hydrophilic than SAN, formed the continuous phase and acted as the transporting phase in the IPN membrane. In the ca...
Advisors
Kim, Sung-Chulresearcher김성철researcher
Description
한국과학기술원 : 화학공학과,
Publisher
한국과학기술원
Issue Date
1993
Identifier
60700/325007 / 000855363
Language
eng
Description

학위논문(박사) - 한국과학기술원 : 화학공학과, 1993.2, [ xiv, 150 p. ]

URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/28650
Link
http://library.kaist.ac.kr/search/detail/view.do?bibCtrlNo=60700&flag=dissertation
Appears in Collection
CBE-Theses_Ph.D.(박사논문)
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