Real-Time Monitoring of Colloidal Crystallization in Electrostatically-Levitated Drops

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Colloidal crystallization is analogous to the crystallization in bulk atomic systems in various aspects, which has been explored as a model system. However, a real-time probing of the phenomenon still remains challenging. Here, a levitation system for a study of colloidal crystallization is demonstrated. Colloidal particles in a levitated droplet are gradually concentrated by isotropic evaporation of water from the surface of the droplet, resulting in crystallization. The structural change of the colloidal array during crystallization is investigated by simultaneously measuring the volume and reflectance spectra of the droplet. The crystal nucleates from the surface of the droplet at which the volume fraction exceeds the threshold and then the growth proceeds. The crystal growth behavior depends on the initial concentrations of colloidal particles and salts which determine the overall direction of crystal growth and interparticle spacing, respectively. The results show that a levitating bulk droplet has a great potential as a tool for in situ investigation of colloidal crystallization.
Publisher
WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH
Issue Date
2020-03
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

SMALL, v.16, no.11, pp.1907478

ISSN
1613-6810
DOI
10.1002/smll.201907478
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/276736
Appears in Collection
CBE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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