Physics of increased edge electron temperature and density turbulence during ELM-free QH-mode operation on DIII-D

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For the first time, we report increased edge electron temperature and density turbulence levels ((T) over tilde (e) and (n) over tilde (e)) in Edge Localized Mode free Quiescent H-mode (ELM-free QH-mode) plasmas as compared to the ELMing time period. ELMs can severely damage plasma facing components in fusion plasma devices due to their large transient energy transport, making ELM-free operation a highly sought after goal. The QH-mode is a candidate for this goal as it is ELM-free for times limited only by hardware constraints. It is found that the driving gradients decrease during the QH-mode compared to the ELMing phase, however, a significant decrease in the ExB shearing rate is also observed that taken together is consistent with the increased turbulence. These results are significant as the prediction and control of ELM-free H-mode regimes are crucial for the operation of future fusion devices such as ITER. The changes in the linear growth rates calculated by CGYRO [Candy et al., J. Comput. Phys. 324, 73 (2016)] and the measured ExB shearing rate between ELMing and QH-mode phases are qualitatively consistent with these turbulence changes. Comparison with ELMing and 3D fields ELM suppressed H-mode finds a similar increase in (T) over tilde (e) and (n) over tilde (e), however, with distinctly different origins, the increased driving gradients rather than the changes in the ExB shearing rate in 3D fields ELM suppressed the H-mode. However, linear gyrokinetic calculation results are generally consistent with the increased turbulence in both ELM-controlled discharges. Published by AIP Publishing.
Publisher
AMER INST PHYSICS
Issue Date
2018-05
Language
English
Article Type
Article; Proceedings Paper
Citation

PHYSICS OF PLASMAS, v.25, no.5, pp.055904

ISSN
1070-664X
DOI
10.1063/1.5017964
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/272775
Appears in Collection
NE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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