Highly conductive and stable Mn1.35Co1.35Cu0.2Y0.1O4 spinel protective coating on commercial ferritic stainless steels for intermediate-temperature solid oxide fuel cell interconnect applications

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Chromia scale growth and Cr evaporation of ferritic stainless steel interconnects are known to be major causes of serious degradation of the solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) stack. The development of suitable ceramic coating materials on the metallic interconnects has been demonstrated as an effective way to address these challenges. Herein, we developed a Mn 1.35 Co 1.35 Cu 0.2 Y 0.1 O 4 (MCCY) spinel material via a facile glycine-nitrate process as a protective coating on a metallic interconnect (SUS 441). Crystal structure and surface charge state analysis of the MCCY material revealed that co-doping of Y and Cu into the (Mn,Co) 3 O 4 spinel resulted in redistribution of the Mn ions (Mn 3+ and Mn 4+ ) into the octahedral site, which increased the electrical conduction by enhanced small polaron hopping. Accordingly, the MCCuY-coated interconnect exhibited ∼8 times lower area specific resistance (ASR) than that of the undoped Mn 1.5 Co 1.5 O 4 (MCO) coated interconnect. Moreover, time-dependent ASR behavior of MCCuY-coated sample was monitored in-situ using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy at 650 °C, showing excellent stability with no observable change for >1000 h, while the ASR of the MCO-coated sample was raised by ∼71%. After 1000 h operation, we found strong adhesion between the MCCuY coating and the metallic interconnect as well as remarkably restricted Cr diffusion into the coating layer. Furthermore, the parabolic constant associated with the oxidation kinetics of the MCCuY-coated substrate (8.25 × 10 −11 mg 2 cm −4 s −1 ) was ∼1 order of magnitude lower than that of the MCO-coated one (7.34× 10 −10 mg 2 cm −4 s −1 ) at 650 °C after 1000 h measurement. These results demonstrate that the MCCuY is a highly promising coating material of metallic interconnects for intermediate-temperature SOFC applications.
Publisher
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Issue Date
2019-02
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY, v.44, no.8, pp.4293 - 4303

ISSN
0360-3199
DOI
10.1016/j.ijhydene.2018.12.173
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/272655
Appears in Collection
ME-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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