Ultra-large area graphene hybrid hydrogel for customized performance supercapacitors: High volumetric, areal energy density and potential wearability

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Volumetric and areal energy densities are the key performance metrics for electrochemical supercapacitors (EC) used in portable storage devices, whereas mechanical flexibility and potential for direct integration with conventional cloths are the primary requirements for wearable usage. Herein, highly scalable, versatile EC electrodes are presented based on the spontaneously assembled hydrogel-hybrids of graphene and polyaniline (PANI). Our hydrogel-hybrids exhibit areal capacitance of 853 mF cm(-2) (at 1 mA cm(-2)) with superb cycling stability (95.2% retention after 5000 cycles), which can be readily increased up to 2.2 F cm(-2) by the multistacking of electrodes without sacrificing charging-discharging rate capability. Control of hydration level (water < 35 wt%) by means of simple mechanical compression leads to remarkably high volumetric capacitance of 560 F cm(-3), while retaining high areal value and rate capability. Moreover, requirement for wearable EC can easily be realized via direct integration of hydrogel-hybrids with carbon cloths. Such a noticeable performance of our hybrid devices is largely owing to the nanoporous graphene framework that offers continuous electronic conduction pathways as well as hydrated ion channels for the effective access to PANI-nanowire surfaces. (C) 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Publisher
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Issue Date
2020-02
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

ELECTROCHIMICA ACTA, v.332

ISSN
0013-4686
DOI
10.1016/j.electacta.2019.135492
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/271633
Appears in Collection
MS-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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