Gravimetric analysis was carried out to investigate the relationship between SO2 adsorption capacity and pyrolysis conditions for char prepared from fluidized bed pyrolysis of lignite at various conditions. It was found that pyrolysis temperature was the primary variable affecting SO2 adsorption capacity of chars while effects of steam and oxygen concentration in the fluidizing gas were not significant within the range of experimental conditions. The macimum SO2 adsorption capacity of chars was observed at the pyrolysis temperature of about 700 oC. This can be attributed to oxygen funtional groups on carbons which are believed to adsorb SO2 through oxidation. Paucity of them can lead to poor SO2 adsorption capacity of carbons. However, too many of them per unit surface area is expected to hinder the adsortion through repulsive inerations of adsorbed SO2 present in the adsorbed multilayer. Therefore there exists an optimal amount of oxygen-functional groups on the carbon surface or the maximum SO2 adsorption capacity.