Background: Microalgae, being a phototroph, grow in the presence of light, and utilizing photons in narrow and specific range of wavelengths. There have been numerous attempts to take advantage of this trait of wavelength-dependent growth for the purpose of increasing biomass productivity. One potential option involves wavelength conversion of sunlight. In the present study, three fluorescent dyes with blue, red, and green emission spectra were employed with the aim of improving sunlight utilization efficiency and thus enhancing biomass and lipid productivity of Nannochloropsis gaditana. Results: When DPA and R101 were used to enrich blue and red spectra, biomass productivity of Nannochloropsis gaditana was increased by 35.1 and 40.3%, respectively. The maximum quantum yield values were higher than 0.6 at the early stage of growth for the cultures grown under DPA-and R101-modified solar radiation. Chlorophyll a content was also 57.0 and 32.3% higher than the control at the early growth stage under DPA-and R101-modified solar radiation, respectively. This stimulation of photosynthetic activity at the early growth stage correlated well with rapid growth under DPA-and R101-modified light during the first 4 days of cultivation. Lipid productivity consequently increased by 26.9 (DPA) and 39.4% (R101) after 10 days of cultivation. An immediate effect on lipid induction was observed in cultures under modified light, which exhibited 19.1% improvement in lipid content at the cost of some degree of impaired growth. Conclusion: Fluorescent dyes with the capability of enriching wavelengths of light favored by the algal photosystem could indeed be an effective means of promoting growth of Nannochloropsis gaditana. This strategy would be particularly powerful for mass cultivation where sunlight is the only economically viable option for illumination.