Metal sputtered graphene based hybrid films comprising tin oxide/reduced graphene oxide/Ni as electrodes for high-voltage electrochemical capacitors

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The high voltage aqueous electrochemical capacitor (EC) is a promising energy storage device because of eco-friendliness and high electrochemical performance with a wide operational voltage and high energy density. However, it typically experiences a stability problem that includes cell aging and capacitance loss. Here, to overcome the stability issue, a thin metal layer of Ni is created on one side of a SnO2/reduced graphene oxide (rGO) hybrid film to produce a binder-free film of SnO2/rGO/Ni. Due to the formation of the highly conductive metal layer of Ni, the fabricated film can be well interconnected with the current collector and have lower contact resistance and open-circuit potential compared with untreated SnO2/rGO film, which results in a remarkable enhancement of electrochemical performance, including a wide operational voltage (1.8 V), semi-permanent cycle-life (95% retention after 10k cycles), and ultrahigh volumetric energy density with a high power density, all of which are superior values compared to bare SnO2/rGO film based devices. We anticipate that the fabricated SnO2/rGO/Ni film could be utilized as a promising electrode for high voltage ECs, and our simple surface engineering technique will provide an effective electrode design for the fabrication of high performance thin-film ECs.
Publisher
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Issue Date
2018-04
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

AQUEOUS SUPERCAPACITORS; MICRO-SUPERCAPACITORS; ENERGY-STORAGE; CARBON/CARBON SUPERCAPACITORS; GRAPHITE OXIDE; PERFORMANCE; MICROSUPERCAPACITORS; NANOSHEETS; DENSITY; CELL

Citation

CARBON, v.129C, pp.1 - 7

ISSN
0008-6223
DOI
j.carbon.2017.11.098
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/240588
Appears in Collection
MS-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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