Structural modulation of lithium metal-electrolyte interface with three-dimensional metallic interlayer for high-performance lithium metal batteries

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The use of lithium (Li) metal anodes has been reconsidered because of the necessity for a higher energy density in secondary batteries. However, Li metal anodes suffer from 'dead' Li formation and surface deactivation which consequently form a porous layer of redundant Li aggregates. In this work, a fibrous metal felt (FMF) as a three-dimensional conductive interlayer was introduced between the separator and the Li metal anode to improve the reversibility of the Li metal anode. The FMF can facilitate charge transfer in the porous layer, rendering it electrochemically more active. In addition, the FMF acted as a robust scaffold to accommodate Li deposits compactly in its interstitial sites. The FMF-integrated Li metal (FMF/Li) electrode operated with a small polarisation even at a current density of 10 mA cm(-2), and it exhibited a seven times longer cycle-life than that of an FMF-free Li electrode in a symmetric cell configuration. A Li metal battery (LMB) using the FMF/Li electrode and a LiFePO4 electrode exhibited a two-fold increase in cycling stability compared with that of a bare Li metal electrode, demonstrating the practical effectiveness of this approach for high performance LMBs
Publisher
NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP
Issue Date
2016-08
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, v.6

ISSN
2045-2322
DOI
10.1038/srep30830
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/212865
Appears in Collection
CBE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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