Towards accurate porosity descriptors based on guest-host interactions

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For nanoporous materials at the characterization level, geometry-based approaches have become the methods of choice to provide information, often encoded in numerical descriptors, about the pores and the channels of a porous material. Examples of most common descriptors of the latter are pore limiting diameters, accessible surface area and accessible volume. The geometry-based methods exploit hard sphere approximation for atoms, which (1) reduces costly computations of the interatomic interactions between the probe guest molecule and the porous material framework atoms, (2) effectively exploit applied mathematics methods such as Voronoi decomposition to represent and characterize porosity. In this work, we revisit and quantify the shortcoming of the geometry-based approaches. To do so, we have developed a series of algorithms to calculate pore descriptors such as void fraction, accessible surface area, pore limiting diameters (largest included sphere, and largest free sphere) based on a classical force field model of interactions between the guest and the framework atoms. Our resulting energy-based methods are tested on diverse sets of metal-organic frameworks and zeolite structures and comparisons against results obtained from geometric-based method indicate deviations in the cases for structures with small pore sizes. The method provides both high accuracy and performance making it suitable when screening a large database of materials. (C) 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC
Issue Date
2016-05
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR GRAPHICS & MODELLING, v.66, pp.91 - 98

ISSN
1093-3263
DOI
10.1016/j.jmgm.2016.03.007
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/209838
Appears in Collection
CBE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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