More value from food waste: Lactic acid and biogas recovery

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Anaerobic digestion (AD) is one of the traditional technologies for treating organic solid wastes, but its economic benefit is sometimes questioned. To increase the economic feasibility of the treatment process, the aim of this study was to recover not only biogas from food waste but lactic acid (LA) as well. At first, LA fermentation of food waste (FW) was conducted using an indigenous mixed culture. During the operation, temperature was gradually increased from 35 degrees C to 55 degrees C, with the highest performance attained at 50 degrees C. At 50 degrees C and hydraulic retention time (HRT) of 1.0 d, LA concentration in the broth was 40 kg LA/m(3), corresponding to a yield of 1.6 mol LA/mol hexose(added). Pyrosequencing results showed that Lactobacillus (97.6% of the total number of sequences) was the predominant species performing LA fermentation of FW. The fermented broth was then centrifuged and LA was extracted from the supernatant by the combined process of nanofiltration and water-splitting electrodialysis. The process could recover highly purified LA by removing 85% of mineral ions such as Na+, K+, Mg2+, and Ca2+ and 90% of residual carbohydrates. Meanwhile, the solid residue remained after centrifugation was further fermented to biogas by AD. At HRT 40 d (organic loading rate of 7 kg COD/m(3)/d), the highest volumetric biogas production rate of 3.5 m(3)/m(3)/d was achieved with a CH4 yield of 0.25 m(3) CH4/kg COD. The mass flow showed that 47 kg of LA and 54 m(3) of biogas could be recovered by the developed process from 1 ton of FW with COD removal efficiency of 70%. These products have a higher economic value 60 USD/ton FW compared to that of conventional AD (27 USD/ton FW). (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved
Publisher
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Issue Date
2016-06
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

ANAEROBIC-DIGESTION; BACTERIAL COMMUNITY; REACTIVE EXTRACTION; FERMENTATION BROTH; KOREAN FOOD; TEMPERATURE; HYDROGEN; ENERGY; PH; SEPARATION

Citation

WATER RESEARCH, v.96, pp.208 - 216

ISSN
0043-1354
DOI
10.1016/j.watres.2016.03.064
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/209719
Appears in Collection
CBE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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