SET7/9 Methylation of the Pluripotency Factor LIN28A Is a Nucleolar Localization Mechanism that Blocks let-7 Biogenesis in Human ESCs

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LIN28-mediated processing of the microRNA (miRNA) let-7 has emerged as a multilevel program that controls self-renewal in embryonic stem cells. LIN28A is believed to act primarily in the cytoplasm together with TUT4/7 to prevent final maturation of let-7 by Dicer, whereas LIN28B has been suggested to preferentially act on nuclear processing of let-7. Here, we find that SET7/9 monomethylation in a putative nucleolar localization region of LIN28A increases its nuclear retention and protein stability. In the nucleoli of human embryonic stem cells, methylated LIN28A sequesters pri-let-7 and blocks its processing independently of TUT4/7. The nuclear form of LIN28A regulates transcriptional changes in MYC-pathway targets, thereby maintaining stemness programs and inhibiting expression of early lineage-specific markers. These findings provide insight into the molecular mechanism underlying the post-translational methylation of nuclear LIN28A and its ability to modulate pluripotency by repressing let-7 miRNA expression in human embryonic stem cells.
Publisher
CELL PRESS
Issue Date
2014-12
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

CELL STEM CELL, v.15, no.6, pp.735 - 749

ISSN
1934-5909
DOI
10.1016/j.stem.2014.10.016
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/195119
Appears in Collection
CH-Journal Papers(저널논문)BiS-Journal Papers(저널논문)BS-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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