Thermal stability of Fe-Mn binary olivine cathodes for Li rechargeable batteries

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The phase stability of binary Fe and Mn olivine materials is extensively studied with temperature-controlled in situ X-ray diffraction (XRD) for various Fe/Mn ratios and state of charges (SOCs). We identify that the thermal behavior of partially charged olivine materials is sensitively affected by the Fe/Mn ratio in the crystal. While Fe-rich binary olivine materials readily formed a solid solution phase of Li1-yFe1-xMnxPO4 near room temperature or with only slight heating, the Mn-rich binary olivine retained its two-phase characteristic up to ca. 250 degrees C before decomposition into non-olivine phases. The thermal stability and decomposition mechanism of fully delithiated olivine materials are more sensitively affected by the Fe/Mn ratio in the crystal. The decomposition temperature varies from 200 degrees C to 500 degrees C among the different Fe/Mn ratios. It is generally observed that the Mn-rich binary olivine materials are inferior to the Fe-rich ones with respect to the thermal stability in the delithiated state.
Publisher
ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY
Issue Date
2012
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

MULTICOMPONENT OLIVINE; ELECTRODE MATERIALS; LITHIUM BATTERIES; HIGH-POWER; LI-X(MNYFE1-Y)PO4; LIMNPO4; 0-LESS-THAN-OR-EQUAL-TO-X-LESS-THAN-OR-EQUAL-TO-1; PERFORMANCE; CONDUCTION; PHOSPHATE

Citation

JOURNAL OF MATERIALS CHEMISTRY, v.22, no.24, pp.11964 - 11970

ISSN
0959-9428
DOI
10.1039/c2jm30733b
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/101865
Appears in Collection
MS-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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