Effects of thermal oxi-nitridation on the corrosion resistance and electrical conductivity of 446M stainless steel for PEMFC bipolar plates

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Stainless steel has attracted interest as a bipolar plate material for polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells due to its excellent mechanical properties, good corrosion resistance, and low cost. However, the application of thermal nitridation for the improvement of electrical conductivity deteriorates the corrosion resistance under PEMFC operating conditions due to the discontinuous formation of external Cr-nitride. In this study, nitridation with pre-oxidation of 446M stainless steel was per-formed in order to improve both the corrosion resistance and the electrical conductivity. 446M stainless steels with oxide and nitride on the surface were evaluated to assess their feasibility as a bipolar plate material for PEMFCs. The results were compared with those obtained using as-received and only nitrided 446M stainless steels. The oxide formed by the pre-oxidation protects the surface of 446M stainless steel from corrosion in corrosive environments, especially under cathode conditions, and the Cr-nitride formed by the subsequent nitridation serves as an electro-conductive channel. As a result, the pre-oxidized, nitrided 446M stainless steel exhibits improved corrosion properties and electrical conductivity under PEMFC operating environments. (C) 2008 International Association for Hydrogen Energy. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Publisher
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Issue Date
2009-02
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

MEMBRANE FUEL-CELLS; ALLOYS; STACK

Citation

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY, v.34, no.3, pp.1515 - 1521

ISSN
0360-3199
DOI
10.1016/j.ijhydene.2008.11.063
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/101668
Appears in Collection
MS-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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