Anaerobic organic acid production of food waste in once-a-day feeding and drawing-off bioreactor

Acidogenesis of food waste was studied in a 2-L reactor with semi-continuous mode operation (once-a-day feeding and draw-off) for maximum 65 days to examine optimal volatile acid compositions for biological nitrogen removal (BNR) and enhanced biological phosphorus removal (ENPR). Various operational parameters of hydraulic retention time (HRT), organic loading rate (ORL), pH and temperature were investigated for soluble chemical oxygen demand (SCOD), volatile fatty acid composition, nitrogen and phosphate. The yields (g TVFA/g VS) and the volumetric productivity (g TVFA/d L) increased with HRT from 0.26-0.32, 1.25-1.50 (at 4 days) to 0.36-0.39, 1.71-1.83 (at 12 days). However, the acetate fraction (%) decreased with HRT from 35.7-37.5 at 4 days to 23.5-25 at 12 days. The yields decreased with increase of organic loading from 0.34-0.37 at 5 g/L d to 0.29-0.30 at 13 g/L d and the productivity increased from 1.63-1.65 to 3.61-3.75. The yield and productivity were highest at 35 degrees C among 25, 35 and 45 degrees C. The yield and productivity at pH 5.5 and 6.0 were best and very similar to each other. The condition of 35 degrees C, pH 6.0, HRT 8 days, ORL 9 g/L d resulted in TVFA, SCOD, acetate and butyrate of 25, 39.5, 12 and 5.25 g/L, respectively. (C) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Publisher
Elsevier Sci Ltd
Issue Date
2008-11
Language
ENG
Keywords

VOLATILE FATTY-ACIDS; BIOLOGICAL NUTRIENT REMOVAL; MUNICIPAL SOLID-WASTE; PRIMARY SLUDGE; ACIDOGENESIS; HYDROLYSIS; DIGESTION; WATER; TEMPERATURE; FRACTION

Citation

BIORESOURCE TECHNOLOGY, v.99, no.16, pp.7866 - 7874

ISSN
0960-8524
DOI
10.1016/j.biortech.2007.06.028
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/87391
Appears in Collection
CBE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
  • Hit : 206
  • Download : 12
  • Cited 0 times in thomson ci
This item is cited by other documents in WoS
⊙ Detail Information in WoSⓡClick to seewebofscience_button
⊙ Cited 76 items in WoSClick to see citing articles inrecords_button

qr_code

  • mendeley

    citeulike


rss_1.0 rss_2.0 atom_1.0