Dna2 of Saccharomyces cerevisiae possesses a single-stranded DNA-specific endonuclease activity that is able to act on double-stranded DNA in the presence of ATP

To gain further insights into the biological functions of Dnaa, previously known as a cellular replicative helicase in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, we examined biochemical properties of the recombinant Dnaa protein purified to homogeneity, Besides the single-stranded (Ss) DNA-dependent ATPase activity as reported previously, we were able to demonstrate that ssDNA-specific endonuclease activity is intrinsically associated with Dna2, Moreover, Dnaa was capable of degrading duplex DNA in an ATP-dependent fashion. ATP and dATP, the only nucleotides hydrolyzed by Dnaa, served to stimulate Dnaa to utilize duplex DNA, indicating their hydrolysis is required. Dna2 was able to unwind short duplex only under the condition where the endonuclease activity was minimized. This finding implies that Dna2 unwinds only partially the 3'-end of duplex DNA and generates a stretch of ssDNA of limited length, which is subsequently cleaved by the ssDNA-specific endonuclease activity, A point mutation at the conserved ATP-binding site of Dna2 inactivated concurrently ssDNA-dependent ATPase, ATP-dependent nuclease, and helicase activities, indicating that they all reside in Dna2 itself, By virtue of its nucleolytic activities, the Dnaa protein may function in the maintenance of chromosomal integrity, such as repair or other related process, Father than in propagation of cellular replication forks.
Publisher
AMER SOC BIOCHEMISTRY MOLECULAR BIOLOGY INC
Issue Date
1998-10
Language
ENG
Keywords

CELL-CYCLE CHECKPOINTS; RECBCD ENZYME; HELICASE; REPLICATION; REPAIR; RECOMBINATION; NUCLEASE; PROTEIN; BINDING; DAMAGE

Citation

JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY, v.273, no.41, pp.26880 - 26890

ISSN
0021-9258
DOI
10.1074/jbc.273.41.26880
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/74836
Appears in Collection
BS-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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