The moving frame acoustic holography (MFAH) method [H.-S. Kwon and Y.-H. Kim, J. Acoust. Sec. Am. 1.03, 1734-1742 (1998)] enables the visualization of noise generated by moving noise sources, e.g., moving vehicles, by using a line array of microphones affixed to the ground. However, the sound field of a moving noise source has a moving effect, which produces the wavefront distribution different from what would be generated by the source if it were not moving. The moving effect causes errors on the reconstructed hologram by means of MFAH. This paper studies this effect with regard to the speed of noise sources. A formula, which can show the effect, was derived. This enables the analysis of the effect not only on the hologram plane but also on a prediction plane. It was shown that the phase error is more undesirable than that of magnitude. The phase error, which is proportional to the speed of a noise source, shifts the position of noise sources and distorts radiation pattern. A theoretical investigation explicitly showed that the error is negligible for low Mach number (M < 0.1). Furthermore, the phase error can be reduced by introducing a correction factor. Several numerical examples illustrate the feasibility of the proposed correction method for low Mach number. (C) 2000 Acoustical Society of America. [S0001-4966(00)02412-7].