22.3 A 0.5V 9.26μW 15.28mΩ/√Hz Bio-Impedance Sensor IC with 0.55° Overall Phase Error

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Continuous blood-status monitoring by thoracic impedance or impedance phase measurement [1] is critical in reducing chronic heart failure (CHF) because the symptoms of deterioration are not recognized by patients, thus preventing timely treatment. Therefore, a wearable/implantable bio-impedance (Bio-Z) sensor is required for ambulatory patients to detect early signs of deterioration for appropriate intervention in proper time. Continuous monitoring requires ultralow-power consumption (<10μW) and it requires the high resolution (<0.1Ω) to detect small impedance variations [2]. Prior Bio-Z sensor ICs [2-4] do not satisfy these requirements simultaneously because the resolution depends inversely on the power consumption. Furthermore, previous Bio-Z sensors have a large phase error that is unable to accurately (<1°) and continuously measure phase due to the square-wave modulation scheme of the current generator [3], resulting in intolerable measurement errors [2], or the supply and temperature variations of measurement accuracy due to the limited bandwidth (BW) of readout [2]. Although the pre-demodulation [3] technique can relax BW requirement, conversion loss of sine to square wave demodulation causes SNR degradation by 2/π times, leading to 2.47× increased power consumption.
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Issue Date

2019 IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference, ISSCC 2019, pp.364 - 366

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EE-Conference Papers(학술회의논문)
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