Scalable fabrication of graphene-based laminate membranes for liquid and gas separations by crosslinking-induced gelation and doctor-blade casting

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Graphene-based laminate membranes have recently demonstrated unique advantages over the traditional separation membranes made of polymers or ceramics. For both gas and liquid separations, various designs of crosslinker-stabilized graphene oxide (GO) membranes have been reported. However, the preparation methods used for those are poorly scalable for industrial applications. Herein, we report the fabrication of large-area (1333 cm(2)) GO-based membranes via doctor-blade casting of gel-like slurries prepared by incorporating calcium ions (Ca2+), ferric ions (Fe3+), polyethylene oxide (PEO), or polyethyleneimine (PEI) as crosslinkers. We found that all crosslinkers tested are suitable for the gelation of dilute GO dispersions (1-5mg/mL) for doctor-blade casting. Besides, all crosslinked-GO membranes demonstrated outstanding stability under sonication compared to a GO-only membrane prepared via vacuum-assisted filtration. In aqueous nanofiltration tests, Fe3+-crosslinked GO membranes achieved virtually complete rejection of different organic dyes. PEO-crosslinked GO membranes, on the other hand, exhibited an outstanding performance for the separation of carbon dioxide (CO2) and nitrogen (N-2) gases with a CO2/N-2 selectivity of 52. Given the scaleup potential of doctor-blade casting and the practicality of crosslinking-based gelation approach, the proposed approach is promising to increase the industrial relevance of GO-based laminate membranes. (C) 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Publisher
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Issue Date
2019-12
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

CARBON, v.155, pp.129 - 137

ISSN
0008-6223
DOI
10.1016/j.carbon.2019.08.058
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/268177
Appears in Collection
CBE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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