Effects of titanium on grain boundary strength in molybdenum laser weld bead and formation and strengthening mechanisms of brazing layer

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Molybdenumhas tremendous application potential in the nuclear power field, but its application is limited by the grain-boundary embrittlement of fusion-welded joints made of it. In this study, titanium was selected as an alloying element to reduce brittleness of laser weld beads in molybdenum "cladding-end plug" socket joints. Brazing was also performed to enhance the joint strength. Joints with the same strength as base material and a hydraulic bursting pressure of 60 MPa were produced using a combination of the two methods. The analysis indicates the following. After being added to the weld bead, titanium was able to combine with the free oxygen, forming TiO2 and reducing the MoO2 content on grain boundary surface. Oxygen and MoO2 are both the main causes of the embrittlement of molybdenumgrain boundaries. In addition, by taking advantage of the high melting point and thermal conductivity of molybdenum, a titanium foil pre-placed between the tube and rod in the socket joint was melted, forming metallurgical bonding, which further improved the bearing capacity of the joint. These results could facilitate application of molybdenumin nuclear power field and also provide a new approach for improving the property of socket joints made of refractory materials. (c) 2019 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Issue Date
2019-05
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

MATERIALS & DESIGN, v.169

ISSN
0264-1275
DOI
10.1016/j.matdes.2019.107681
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/261004
Appears in Collection
ME-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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