Tuning Two Interfaces with Fluoroethylene Carbonate Electrolytes for High-Performance Li/LCO Batteries

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Various electrolytes have been reported to enhance the reversibility of Li-metal electrodes. However, for these electrolytes, concurrent and balanced control of Li-metal and positive electrode interfaces is a critical step toward fabrication of high-performance Li-metal batteries. Here, we report the tuning of Li-metal and lithium cobalt oxide (LCO) interfaces with fluoroethylene carbonate (FEC)-containing electrolytes to achieve high cycling stability of Li/LCO batteries. Reversibility of the Li-metal electrode is considerably enhanced for electrolytes with high FEC contents, confirming the positive effect of FEC on the stabilization of the Li-metal electrode. However, for FEC contents of 50 wt % and above, the discharge capacity is significantly reduced because of the formation of a passivation layer on the LCO cathodes. Using balanced tuning of the two interfaces, stable cycling over 350 cycles at 1.5 mA cm(-2) is achieved for a Li/LCO cell with the 1 M LiPF6 FEC/DEC = 30/70 electrolyte. The enhanced reversibility of the Li-metal electrode is associated with the formation of LiF and polycarbonate in the FEC-derived solid electrolyte interface (SEI) layer. In addition, electrolytes with high FEC contents lead to lateral Li deposition on the sides of Li deposits and larger dimensions of rodlike Li deposits, suggesting the elastic and ion-conductive nature of the FEC-derived SEI layer.
Publisher
AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Issue Date
2019-02
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

ACS OMEGA, v.4, no.2, pp.3220 - 3227

ISSN
2470-1343
DOI
10.1021/acsomega.8b03022
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/254144
Appears in Collection
CBE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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