Miniature ultrasound ring array transducers for transcranial ultrasound neuromodulation of freely-moving small animals

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Background Current transcranial ultrasound stimulation for small animal in vivo experiment is limited to acute stimulation under anesthesia in stereotaxic fixation due to bulky and heavy curved transducers. Methods We developed a miniaturized ultrasound ring array transducer which is capable of invoking motor responses through neuromodulation of freely-moving awake mice. Results: The developed transducer is a 32-element, 183-kHz ring array with a weight of 0.035 g (with PCB: 0.73 g), a diameter of 8.1 mm, a focal length of 2.3 mm, and lateral resolution of 2.75 mm. By developing an affixation scheme suitable for freely-moving animals, the transducer was successfully coupled to the mouse brain and induced motor responses in both affixed and awake states. Conclusion Ultrasound neuromodulation of a freely-moving animal is now possible using the developed lightweight and compact system to conduct a versatile set of in vivo experiments.
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC
Issue Date
2019-03
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

BRAIN STIMULATION, v.12, no.2, pp.251 - 255

ISSN
1935-861X
DOI
10.1016/j.brs.2018.11.007
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/250233
Appears in Collection
MSE-Journal Papers(저널논문)EE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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