High-performance thin H:SiON OLED encapsulation layer deposited by PECVD at low temperature

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Highly moisture permeation resistive and transparent single layer thin films for the encapsulation of hydrogenated silicon oxynitrides (H:SiON) were deposited by plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD) using silane (SiH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), ammonia (NH3), and hydrogen (H-2) at 100 degrees C for applications to a top-emission organic light-emitting diode (TEOLED). Addition of H-2 into the PECVD process of SiON film deposition afforded the hydrogenated SiON film, which showed not only improved optical properties such as transmittance and reflectance but also better barrier property to water permeation than PECVD SiON and even SiNx. The H:SiON film with thickness of only 80 nm exhibited water vapor transmission rate (WVTR) lower than 5 x 10(-5) g per m(2) per day in the test conditions of 38 degrees C and 100% humidity, where this WVTR is the measurement limit of the MOCON equipment. An additional coating of UV curable polymer enabled the H:SiON films to be flexible and to have very stable barrier property lower than 5 x 10(-5) g per m(2) per day even after a number of 10k times bending tests at a curvature radius of 1R. The mild H:SiON film process improved the electrical properties of top-emission OLEDs without generating any dark spots. Furthermore, single H:SiON films having high water vapor barrier could maintain the original illumination features of TEOLED longer than 720 hours. These excellent properties of the H:SiON thin films originated from the structural changes of the SiON material by the introduction of hydrogen.
Publisher
ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY
Issue Date
2019
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

RSC ADVANCES, v.9, no.1, pp.58 - 64

ISSN
2046-2069
DOI
10.1039/c8ra08449a
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/250215
Appears in Collection
CBE-Journal Papers(저널논문)MS-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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