Free-fall dynamics of a pair of rigidly linked disks

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We investigate experimentally the free-fall motion of a pair of identical disks rigidly connected to each other. The three-dimensional coordinates of the pair of falling disks were constructed to quantitatively describe its trajectory, and the flow structure formed by the disk pair was identified by using dye visualization. The rigidly linked disk pair exhibits a novel falling pattern that creates a helical path with a conical configuration in which the lower disk rotates in a wider radius than the upper disk with respect to a vertical axis. The helical motion occurs consistently for the range of disk separation examined in this study. The dye visualization reveals that a strong, noticeable helical vortex core is generated from the outer tip of the lower disk during the helical motion. With an increasing length ratio, which is the ratio of the disk separation to the diameter of the disks, the nutation angle and the rate of change in the precession angle that characterize the combined helical and conical kinematics decrease linearly, whereas the pitch of the helical path increases linearly. Although all disk pairs undergo this helical motion, the horizontal-drift patterns of the disk pair depend on the length ratio. Published by AIP Publishing.
Publisher
AMER INST PHYSICS
Issue Date
2018-03
Language
English
Article Type
Article; Proceedings Paper
Keywords

MODERATE REYNOLDS-NUMBERS; MOTION; TRANSITION; ZIGZAG; TANDEM; PATHS

Citation

PHYSICS OF FLUIDS, v.30, no.3

ISSN
1070-6631
DOI
10.1063/1.5023792
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/241530
Appears in Collection
ME-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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