Carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) laminates have been becoming primary structures in the aerospace industry because of their high specific strength and stiffness. However, CFRP laminates have susceptibility to low-velocity impact events which can easily induce internal or hidden damages such as delamination. Such impacts frequently arise during maintenance, flight operation or in-service events. Thus, composite structures have to be irregularly inspected in addition to the periodic maintenance for ensuring the structural health. However, such irregular inspections can inherently incur the overall maintenance cost because it has to be performed in all suspicious cases of damages. For this reason, the methodology for accurately realizing the onset of delamination induced by low-velocity impact events is required for reducing the operating cost of composite structures. In this paper, the potential of using high speed fiber Bragg grating (FBG) sensing system for detecting the delamination onset was studied for thick CFRP laminates. Because FBG sensors can be simply multiplexed to capture the structural responses, the proposed method in this study can be quite attractive for an efficient impact monitoring system. To obtain the impact response signals and contact force histories, several low-velocity impact experiments were performed in a range of 1-30 J. From the signal processing of these experimental data, the meaningful damage index was introduced using the detail components of wavelet transformed sensor signals. Although this result is in the preliminary step, such damage index can be useful for applying an in-situ impact damage assessment system to the real composite structures in the near future. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.