Green hypergolic combination: Diethylenetriamine-based fuel and hydrogen peroxide

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The present research dealt with the concept of green hypergolic combination to replace the toxic hypergolic combinations. Hydrogen peroxide was selected as a green oxidizer. A novel recipe for the non-toxic hypergolic fuel (Stock 3) was suggested. Sodium borohydride was blended into the mixture of energetic hydrocarbon solvents as an ignition source for hypergolic ignition. The main ingredient of the mixture was diethylenetriamine. By mixing some amount of tetrahydrofuran with diethylenetriamine, the mixture became more flammable and volatile. The mixture of Stock 3 fuel remained stable for four months in the lab scale storability test. Through a simple drop test, the hypergolicity of the green hypergolic combination was verified. Comparing to the toxic hypergolic combination MMH/NTO as the reference, the theoretical performance of the green hypergolic combination would be achieved about 96.7% of the equilibrium specific impulse and about 105.7% of the density specific impulse. The applicability of the green hypergolic combination was successfully confirmed through the static hot-fire tests using 500 N scale hypergolic thruster.
Publisher
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Issue Date
2017-08
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

IONIC LIQUIDS; BIPROPELLANT

Citation

ACTA ASTRONAUTICA, v.137, pp.25 - 30

ISSN
0094-5765
DOI
10.1016/j.actaastro.2017.04.009
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/225130
Appears in Collection
AE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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