Autoignition and combustion characteristics of sodium borohydride-based non-toxic hypergolic fuel droplet at elevated temperatures

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Non-toxic hypergolic propellants have considerably generated recent research interest in the field of green propulsion technology because they can replace highly toxic hypergolic combinations currently used. In this experimental research, sodium borohydride-based non-toxic hypergolic fuel was prepared by blending sodium borohydride in the mixture of energetic hydrocarbon solvents. In a drop test, sodium borohydride as an ignition source enabled the hydrocarbon mixture to initiate hypergolic interactions with H2O2 oxidizer. Two different heating methods were utilized to analyze the characteristics of autoignition and combustion of the hypergolic fuel. As a reference fuel, a non-hypergolic fuel which has the identical chemical compositions to the hypergolic fuel except for sodium borohydride was tested and compared. As a one of the heating methods, thermogravimetric analysis was not suitable for evaluating the inherent thermophysical properties of the hypergolic fuel. In a droplet combustion chamber test, the autoignition and combustion of the hypergolic fuel droplets occurred exposed to elevated temperatures (in a range of 400-800 degrees C) at atmospheric pressure (1 bar), whereas the non-hypergolic fuel droplet was automatically ignited only at 800 degrees C. The ignition delay and total combustion time of the hypergolic fuel droplet were lower than those of the non-hypergolic fuel droplet. According to the temporal histories of the droplet size, sodium borohydride-based hypergolic fuel droplets did not obey the d(2)-law of diffusion-controlled combustion, which indicates the droplet evaporation rate was not a controlling factor in the combustion process. Consequently, the addition of sodium borohydride into the hydrocarbon mixture expedited the autoignition and combustion process of the fuel at elevated temperatures. (C) 2017 The Combustion Institute. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC
Issue Date
2017-07
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

EVAPORATION CHARACTERISTICS; ALUMINUM NANOPARTICLES; KEROSENE DROPLETS; IGNITION; HEPTANE; ENGINE; SOOT

Citation

COMBUSTION AND FLAME, v.181, pp.149 - 156

ISSN
0010-2180
DOI
10.1016/j.combustflame.2017.03.021
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/224778
Appears in Collection
AE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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