Exhaust gas fuel reforming for hydrogen production with CGO-based precious metal catalysts

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This paper investigated the fuel reforming of exhaust gases with Me/Ce0.9Gd0.1O3-d catalysts (Me = Pt, Rh, Ru). The reaction characteristics of the exhaust gas reforming reaction were evaluated by modifying certain reforming conditions, including the temperature, composition of the exhaust gas, hourly space velocity of the gas, and the amount of exhaust gas used. Using lean-burn exhaust gas, iso-octane and gasoline reforming were first investigated with a traditional liquid fuel reforming catalyst, Pt/CGO (0.5 wt.%). The highest yield of hydrogen was obtained when the exhaust gas ratio was approximately half the fuel ratio in this study. Moreover, the hydrogen yield was maximized at temperatures over 700 degrees C and a GHSV of approximately 10,000/h. In commercial gasoline tests, catalytic degeneration occurs under 700 degrees C, and carbon deposition occurs even with small deficiencies of the exhaust gas. Therefore, other precious metal catalysts were investigated for lower-temperature operation. In lower-temperature operation at approximately 600 degrees C, the Ru/CGO catalyst exhibited better performance in exhaust gas reforming than other noble metal catalysts. (c) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Publisher
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Issue Date
2017-05
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

SPARK-IGNITION ENGINE; DIESEL-ENGINE; MICROCHANNEL REACTOR; GASOLINE-ENGINE; SI ENGINE; PERFORMANCE; NOX; EMISSIONS; COMPRESSION; COMBUSTION

Citation

CHEMICAL ENGINEERING SCIENCE, v.163, pp.206 - 214

ISSN
0009-2509
DOI
10.1016/j.ces.2017.01.010
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/223840
Appears in Collection
ME-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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