In situ UV curable 3D printing of multi-material tri-legged soft bot with spider mimicked multi-step forward dynamic gait

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Soft bots have the expedient ability of adopting intricate postures and fitting in complex shapes compared to mechanical robots. This paper presents a unique in situ UV curing three-dimensional (3D) printed multi-material tri-legged soft bot with spider mimicked multi-step dynamic forward gait using commercial bio metal filament (BMF) as an actuator. The printed soft bot can produce controllable forward motion in response to external signals. The fundamental properties of BMF, including output force, contractions at different frequencies, initial loading rate, and displacement-rate are verified. The tri-pedal soft bot CAD model is designed inspired by spider's legged structure and its locomotion is assessed by simulating strain and displacement using finite element analysis. A customized rotational multi-head 3D printing system assisted with multiple wavelength's curing lasers is used for in situ fabrication of tri-pedal soft-bot using two flexible materials (epoxy and polyurethane) in three layered steps. The size of tri-pedal soft-bot is 80 mm in diameter and each pedal's width and depth is 5mm x 5 mm respectively. The maximum forward speed achieved is 2.7 mm s(-1) @ 5 Hz with input voltage of 3 V and 250 mA on a smooth surface. The fabricated tri-pedal soft bot proved its power efficiency and controllable locomotion at three input signal frequencies (1, 2, 5 Hz).
Publisher
IOP PUBLISHING LTD
Issue Date
2016-11
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

ROBOT; GENERATION

Citation

SMART MATERIALS AND STRUCTURES, v.25, no.11

ISSN
0964-1726
DOI
10.1088/0964-1726/25/11/115009
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/220754
Appears in Collection
EE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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