In-situ transesterification of wet spent coffee grounds for sustainable biodiesel production

This work addresses in-situ transesterification of wet spent coffee grounds (SCGs) for the production of biodiesel. For in-situ transesterification process, the methanol, organic solvent and acid catalyst were mixed with wet SCG in one pot and the mixture was heated for simultaneous lipid extraction and transesterification. Maximum yield of fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) was 16.75 wt.% based on the weight of dry SCG at 95 degrees C. Comprehensive experiments were conducted with varying temperatures and various amounts of moisture, methanol, co-solvent and acid catalyst. Moderate polar and alcohol-miscible organic solvent is suitable for the high FAME yield. Unsaturated FAMEs are subject to oxidative cleavage by nitric acid and shorter chain (C6 and C10) FAMEs were mainly produced while sulfuric acid yielded long chain unsaturated FAMEs (C16 and C18). Utilization of wet SCGs as a biodiesel feedstock gives economic and environmental benefits by recycling the municipal waste. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Issue Date
2016-12
Language
ENG
Keywords

PALM OIL; ACID; MICROALGAE; WASTE; MANAGEMENT; RESIDUES; MOISTURE; BIOMASS; HUSK

Citation

BIORESOURCE TECHNOLOGY, v.221, pp.55 - 60

ISSN
0960-8524
DOI
10.1016/j.biortech.2016.09.001
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/214213
Appears in Collection
CBE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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