Lithium-ion capacitors with 2D Nb2CTx (MXene) - carbon nanotube electrodes

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There is a growing interest to hybrid energy storage devices, such as lithium-ion capacitors, in which battery-type electrodes are combined with capacitor-type ones. It is anticipated that the energy density (either gravimetric or volumetric) of lithium-ion capacitors is improved if pseudocapacitive or fast insertion materials are used instead of conventional activated carbon (AC) in the capacitor -type electrode. MXenes, a new family of two-dimensional transition metal carbides, demonstrate metallic conductivity and fast charge -discharge behavior that make them suitable for this application. In this study, we move beyond single electrodes, half-cell studies and demonstrate three types of hybrid cells using Nb2CTx carbon nanotube (CNT) films. It is shown that lithiated graphite/Nb2CTx-CNT, Nb2CTx-CNT/LiFePO4 and lithiated Nb2Crx-CNT/Nb2CTx-CNT cells are all able to operate within 3 V voltage windows and deliver capacities of 43, 24 and 36 mAhig (per total weight of two electrodes), respectively. Moreover, the polarity of the electrodes can be reversed in the symmetric Nb2Crx-CNT cells from providing a positive potential between 0 and 3 V to a negative one from 3 to 0 V. It is shown that the volumetric energy density (50-70 Wh/L) of our first-generation devices with MXene electrodes exceeds that of a lithium titanate/AC capacitor. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Issue Date
2016-09
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

HIGH VOLUMETRIC CAPACITANCE; 2-DIMENSIONAL TITANIUM CARBIDE; ENERGY-STORAGE; SURFACE-STRUCTURE; BATTERIES; INTERCALATION; PERFORMANCE; ANODE

Citation

JOURNAL OF POWER SOURCES, v.326, pp.686 - 694

ISSN
0378-7753
DOI
10.1016/j.jpowsour.2016.03.066
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/213226
Appears in Collection
CBE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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