Ultrasound-mediated intracellular delivery of fluorescent dyes and DNA into microalgal cells

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Microalgae cells gained much attention as resources for food, drug, and biofuels. For last few decades, researchers have made efforts to increase the productivity in utilizing microalgae through genetic improvement by introducing plasmids or genes. However, the barriers of the cell wall and membrane hindered the efficient intracellular delivery and required the development of more effective strategy. Herein, we introduce the ultrasound-mediated transfer as a noninvasive and non-viral strategy and demonstrate its effectiveness in delivering fluorescent dyes and DNA into Chlamydomonas reinhardtii and Cholera vulgaris at high-frequency low-intensity (HFLI) (600 kHz-15 W) and low-frequency high-intensity (LFHI) (40 kHz-161W) conditions. The HFLI ultrasound showed superior intracellular delivery of calcein, quantum dots, and cyano fluorescent protein (CFP) compared to the LFHI. The efficiency of the transient CFP expression by the HFLI was nearly two times greater than that of the conventional electroporation. PCR results also confirmed successful transfection of hygromycin phosphotransferase (hpt). The HFLI-induced observed enhancement in transfection presumably attributes to the mechanical resonance under stable cavitation oscillation, enhancing cell membrane permeability. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report to show the HFLI ultrasound as an effective and viable route for intracellular delivery into microalgal cells.
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Issue Date
2016-04
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

ALGAL RESEARCH-BIOMASS BIOFUELS AND BIOPRODUCTS, v.15, pp.210 - 216

ISSN
2211-9264
DOI
10.1016/j.algal.2016.02.017
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/209751
Appears in Collection
ME-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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