Sequential multiple functions of the conserved sequence in sequence-specific termination by T7 RNA polymerase

Escherichia coli rrnB terminator t1 contains an RNA hairpin-dependent (class I) and a sequence-specific (class II) termination signal. The latter consists of an 8-bp conserved sequence (CS), TATCTGTT, immediately followed by an 8-bp T rich sequence. In this study, elongation complexes of T7 RNA polymerase at various positions of the class II signal and several mutant signals were obtained by stepwise walking on immobilized DNA templates free of the class I signal. Multiple CS-associated conformational changes were observed, starting at the beginning of the signal and occurring sequentially. When the complexes reach the first base pair of the CS-DNA duplex, which is downstream of the RNA-DNA heteroduplex, their stability, as measured by time-course retention of radiolabeled transcripts, markedly decreases. Further elongation leads to an abrupt change in polymerase-RNA interaction. Crosslinking of the polymerase to a 4-thio-UMP incorporated into RNA 8 nucleotides upstream of the 3' end and just upstream of the heteroduplex is initially strong but diminishes when the polymerase reaches the fourth base pair of the CS. After a further 7-nt elongation, the exposed single-stranded region of nontemplate strand is contracted; RNA in the upstream half of the heteroduplex becomes dissociated, and the CS-DNA duplex is reformed. During the next 5-nt elongation before termination, the CS duplex is prevented from translocation, and the contracted transcription bubble expands only downstream. These findings suggest that the CS duplex plays essential roles by successively binding to polymerase both downstream and upstream of the heteroduplex.
Publisher
NATL ACAD SCIENCES
Issue Date
2005-01
Language
ENG
Description

http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/abstract/102/1/75?ct

Keywords

ELONGATION COMPLEX; TRANSCRIPTION TERMINATION; INTRINSIC TERMINATION; BACTERIOPHAGE-T7; REQUIRES; SIGNAL; T7-RNA-POLYMERASE; INITIATION; MECHANISM; MOVEMENT

Citation

PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, v.102, no.1, pp.75 - 80

ISSN
0027-8424
DOI
10.1073/pnas.0406581101
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/2083
Appears in Collection
BS-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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