A combustion-free methodology for synthesizing zeolites and zeolite-like materials

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Zeolites are mainly used for the adsorption and separation of ions and small molecules, and as heterogeneous catalysts. More recently, these materials are receiving attention in other applications, such as medical diagnosis and as components in electronic devices(1). Modern synthetic methodologies for preparing zeolites and zeolite-like materials typically involve the use of organic molecules that direct the assembly pathway and ultimately fill the pore space(2-6). Removal of these enclathrated species normally requires high temperature combustion that destroys this high cost component, and the associated energy release in combination with the formed water can be extremely detrimental to the inorganic structure(7). Here we report a synthetic methodology that avoids these difficulties by creating organic structure-directing agents (SDAs) that can be disassembled within the zeolite pore space to allow removal of their fragments for possible use again by reassembly. The methodology is shown for the synthesis of zeolite ZSM-5 using a SDA that contains a cyclic ketal group that is removed from the SDA while it is inside the zeolite without destruction of the inorganic framework. This approach should be applicable to the synthesis of a wide variety of inorganic and organometallic structures.
Publisher
NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP
Issue Date
2003-09
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

MESOPOROUS MOLECULAR-SIEVES; HIGH-SILICA ZEOLITE; CONSTRAINT INDEX; CATALYSIS; ACID

Citation

NATURE, v.425, no.6956, pp.385 - 388

ISSN
0028-0836
DOI
10.1038/nature01980
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/201843
Appears in Collection
CBE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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