Effects of Angiopoietin-2-Blocking Antibody on Endothelial Cell-Cell Junctions and Lung Metastasis

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Background Angiopoietin-2 (Ang2), a ligand for endothelial TEK (Tie2) tyrosine kinase receptor, is induced in hypoxic endothelial cells of tumors, where it promotes tumor angiogenesis and growth. However, the effects of Ang2 on tumor lymphangiogenesis and metastasis are poorly characterized. Methods We addressed the effect of Ang2 on tumor progression and metastasis using systemic Ang2 overexpression in mice carrying tumor xenografts, endothelium-specific overexpression of Ang2 in VEC-tTA/Tet-OS-Ang2 transgenic mice implanted with isogenic tumors, and administration of Ang2-blocking antibodies to tumor-bearing immunodeficient mice. Fisher's exact test was used for analysis of metastasis occurrence, and repeated measures one-way analysis of variance was used for the analysis of primary tumor growth curves. Unpaired t test was used for all other analyses. All statistical tests were two-sided. Results Adenoviral expression of Ang2 increased lymph node and lung metastasis in tumor xenografts. The metastatic burden in the lungs was increased in transgenic mice in which Ang2 expression was induced specifically in the vascular endothelium (tumor burden per grid, VEC-tTA/Tet-OS-Ang2 mice [n = 5] vs control mice [n = 4]: 45.23 vs 12.26 mm(2), difference = 32.67 mm(2), 95% confidence interval = 31.87 to 34.07, P < .001). Ang2-blocking antibodies reduced lymph node and lung metastasis, as well as tumor lymphangiogenesis, and decreased tumor cell homing to the lungs after intravenous injection. In the lung metastases, Ang2 overexpression decreased endothelial integrity, whereas the Ang2-blocking antibodies improved endothelial cell cell junctions and basement membrane contacts of metastasis-associated lung capillaries. At the cellular level, the Ang2-blocking antibodies induced the internalization of Ang2-Tie2 receptor complexes from endothelial cell cell junctions in endothelial tumor cell cocultures. Conclusion Our results indicate that blocking Ang2 inhibits metastatic dissemination in part by enhancing the integrity of endothelial cell cell junctions.
Publisher
OXFORD UNIV PRESS INC
Issue Date
2012-03
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

RECEPTOR TYROSINE KINASE; TUMOR-GROWTH; IN-VIVO; TRANSGENE EXPRESSION; LYMPHATIC VESSELS; TIE2 RECEPTOR; GENE-THERAPY; VEGF-C; ANGIOGENESIS; CANCER

Citation

JOURNAL OF THE NATIONAL CANCER INSTITUTE, v.104, no.6, pp.461 - 475

ISSN
0027-8874
DOI
10.1093/jnci/djs009
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/98263
Appears in Collection
MSE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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