Electronic Structure of Vertically Aligned Mn-Doped CoFe(2)O(4) Nanowires and Their Application as Humidity Sensors and Photodetectors

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Vertically aligned CoFe2O4 and 10% Mn-doped CoFe2O4 nanowires were synthesized by the gas-phase reduction/substitution reaction of pregrown alpha-Fe2O3 nanowires. They consisted of perfect single-crystalline cubic structures grown along the [110] direction. The increase of the lattice constant provides evidence for the effective Mn substitution. We investigated their electronic structures using X-ray absorption spectroscopy and X-ray magnetic circular dichroism. The results suggest that as the Mn substitutes, Mn2+/Mn3+ ions would occupy the octahedral (O-h) sites, Mn4+ ions form at the tetrahedral (T-d) sites, and a fraction of the Co2+ ions migrate from the O-h sites to the T-d sites. The effective Mn substitution can increase the hole concentration, which makes it possible to develop humidity sensors operating at room temperature. Furthermore, it induces high photocurrents upon irradiation of visible light.
Publisher
AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Issue Date
2009-04
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

CORE-SHELL NANOWIRES; MAGNETIC-PROPERTIES; CARBON NANOTUBES; THIN-FILMS; SPINEL FERRITES; TRANSITION; TEMPLATE; ARRAYS; NANOPARTICLES; DICHROISM

Citation

JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY C, v.113, no.17, pp.7085 - 7090

ISSN
1932-7447
DOI
10.1021/jp900165c
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/98088
Appears in Collection
CH-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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