VRAF murine sarcoma viral oncogene homologue B1 (BRAF) kinase has proved to be a promising target for the development of therapeutics for the treatment of a variety of human cancers. Here, we report the first example of a successful application of the structure-based virtual screening to identify novel BRAF inhibitors. These inhibitors have desirable physicochemical properties as a drug candidate, and compound 1 revealed a submicromolar binding affinity (0.7 mu M). Therefore, they may serve as promising lead compounds for further development by structure-activity relationship (SAR) studies to optimize the inhibitory activities. Structural features relevant to the stabilization of the newly identified inhibitors in the ATP-binding site of BRAF are discussed in detail. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.