Stimulation of the proapoptotic tumor necrosis factor (TNF)related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) receptors, death receptors 4 (DR4) and 5 (DR5), conventionally induces caspase-dependent apoptosis in tumor cells. Here we report that stimulation of DR4 and/or DR5 by the agonistic protein KD548-Fc, an Fc-fused DR4/DR5 dual-specific Kringle domain variant, activates plasma membrane-associated Nox1 NADPH oxidase to generate superoxide anion and subsequently accumulates intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS), leading to sustained c-Jun N-terminal kinase activation and eventual apoptotic cell death in human HeLa and Jurkat tumor cells. KD548-Fc treatment induces the formation of a DR4/DR5 signaling complex containing riboflavin kinase (RFK), Nox1, the Nox1 subunits (Rac1, Noxo1, and Noxa1), TNF receptor-associated death domain (TRADD), and TNF receptor-associated factor 2 (TRAF2). Depletion of RFK, but not the Nox1 subunits, TRADD and TRAF2, failed to recruit Nox1 and Rac1 to DR4 and DR5, demonstrating that RFK plays an essential role in linking DR4/DR5 with Nox1. Knockdown studies also reveal that RFK, TRADD, and TRAF2 play critical, intermediate, and negligible roles, respectively, in the KD548-Fc-mediated ROS accumulation and downstream signaling. Binding assays using recombinantly expressed proteins suggest that DR4/DR5 directly interact with cytosolic RFK through RFK-binding regions within the intracellular death domains, and TRADD stabilizes the DR4/DR5-RFK complex. Our results suggest that DR4 and DR5 have a capability to activate Nox1 by recruiting RFK, resulting in ROS-mediated apoptotic cell death in tumor cells.